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12 Signs and Symptoms of Low Thyroid

doctor explaining thyroid anatomy
March 27, 2024

The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that control your energy and metabolism, as well as regulate your body temperature and other system functions. Millions of Americans suffer from thyroid conditions like Hashimoto’s and Graves’ disease, and the majority of the time, it’s an autoimmune-related issue, meaning that your body’s immune system attacks your thyroid. Keep reading to learn more about the early signs and symptoms of low thyroid and what you can do to feel better!

Hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s Disease

doctor looking for signs and symptoms of low thyroid

A thyroid imbalance where your body doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones– thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)– is called hypothyroidism or simply low thyroid. It can indicate Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, the most common autoimmune disorder in the world. Women are particularly susceptible to developing thyroid issues, but it’s becoming more and more common to see men and women of all ages face the struggles of low thyroid.

Signs and Symptoms of Low Thyroid

Thyroid imbalances can be tricky to determine, as the signs and symptoms of low thyroid can be gradual and worsen in severity over a long period of time. Here are a few common signs to look out for and to mention to your doctor as soon as you start noticing any changes in how you feel.

1. Fatigue

Feeling excessively tired, especially if you’re sleeping more, could be a potential sign of thyroid dysfunction.

2. Weight gain

Unexplained and rapid weight gain is often an indicator of low thyroid since thyroid hormones play a big role in your metabolism.

3. Sensitivity to cold

Do you have trouble dealing with the colder temperatures? Are your hands and feet constantly cold, or do you experience numbness or tingling? These could all be signs of hypothyroidism.

4. Joint and muscle pain

low thyroid symptoms

Aches, stiffness, and pain are all signs of inflammation, which could be a result of a thyroid hormone imbalance.

5. Dry skin or thinning hair

Thyroid hormones also control hair follicle quality, so brittle nails and hair, as well as dry skin, are indicators of a dysfunctional thyroid.

6. Heavy or irregular menstrual periods

Individuals who experience unusual periods, whether they are heavier than normal or become irregular, should let their healthcare provider know immediately. It could be connected to a thyroid hormone issue or something else, but it’s important to understand why!

7. Slowed heart rate

Another sign of low thyroid is an irregular or slow heart rate. Not surprisingly, your thyroid function affects your heart and circulatory system!

8. Anxiety/depression

Hormones and inflammation are direct influences on your mood and the ability to regulate your mood.

9. Insomnia

Disrupted sleep is common in patients with a thyroid imbalance, which also contributes to chronic fatigue and an overall feeling that something is off.

10. Brain fog

Thyroid function also affects your brain’s neurotransmitters, so having a low thyroid could result in forgetfulness and a decline in mental clarity.

11. Constipation

Stomach problems on their own aren’t always a sign of thyroid dysfunction; however, if you experience constipation in addition to some of these other symptoms, it’s a good idea to have your thyroid hormone levels tested.

12. Hoarse voice

Thyroiditis means the swelling of the thyroid gland, so changes to your voice are possible as a result of the inflammation.

Thyroid Consultations at Dr. Autoimmune

thyroid hormone testing

As a functional medicine practice, we aim to uncover the root cause or “triggers” that could be causing thyroid issues. We look at things like gut function, blood sugar and metabolic processes, food sensitivities, and nutrient deficiencies, as well as mold or other environmental factors. Specific thyroid markers can be tested, and our comprehensive assessments check for all of them.

Now you know about some of the signs and symptoms of low thyroid. Are you ready to get some answers concerning your health concerns? Schedule a health consultation with one of our Autoimmune Specialists today!

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